կիրճ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian կիրճ (kirč).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կիրճ (kirč)

  1. narrow pass, defile
  2. gorge, ravine
    Հրազդանի կիրճHrazdani kirčHrazdan River gorge

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

J̌ahukyan following Bailey derives from Iranian, together with կարճ (karč, short). Compare Khotanese [script needed] (ke̮ca, cleft, ravine), for which Bailey reconstructs *kart-čā- or *kirsta-, from the base kart- (to cut), whence Persian کارد(kârd, knife).

Noun[edit]

կիրճ (kirč)

  1. narrow pass, defile
    առնուլ, ունել զկիրճսaṙnul, unel zkirčsto hold or defend a pass, to be master of the communications, to hold the roads, to close the passage
  2. strait, channel (of a sea)
  3. narrow part of a river

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կիրճ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “կիրճ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • J̌axǰaxean, Manuēl (1837), “կիրճ”, in Baṙgirkʿ i barbaṙ hay ew italakan [Armenian–Italian Dictionary], volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 782b
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կիրճ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 595b
  • Malxaseancʿ, Stepʿan (1944), “կիրճ”, in Hayerēn bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Armenian Explanatory Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume II, Yerevan: State Publishing House, page 441c
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979), “ke̮ca”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 65a
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “կիրճ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 407a