կմախք

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian կմախք (kmaxkʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կմախք (kmaxkʿ)

  1. skeleton
  2. (figuratively, pejorative) very thin person

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Akkadian [script needed] (kimāḫu), [script needed] (gimāḫu, grave, tomb) +‎ (-kʿ),[1][2], whence also Aramaic [script needed] (gmḥ, burial niche, loculus)[3]. The Akkadian word is itself borrowed from Sumerian [script needed] (kimaḫ, grave; a cultic place)[4] The same etymon is reflected also in Old Armenian կմախի-ք (kmaxi-kʿ, lamentation over the dead) and the place name Կամախ (Kamax, Kamax, the necropolis of Armenian kings).[2]

Noun[edit]

կմախք (kmaxkʿpl

  1. skeleton
    • 951 CE – 1003, Grigor Narekacʿi, Matean ołbergutʿean [Book of Lamentations]
      [] անարգեալ կմախք և իբր զանպիտան առ ոտն կոխեալ։
      [] anargeal kmaxkʿ ew ibr zanpitan aṙ otn koxeal.
      [] contemptible skeleton, like some useless thing trodden under foot.

Usage notes[edit]

Baṙgirkʿ Hayocʿ glosses կմախք (kmaxkʿ) as “ոսկերք (oskerkʿ) or կոտորածք (kotorackʿ)” and the verb կմախել (kmaxel) as “կարթահարել (kartʿaharel) or ջլատել (ǰlatel)[5], but Ačaṙean considers these meanings spurious[2].

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brockelmann C. (1898), “Ein assyrisches Lehnwort im Armenischen”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[1], volume 13, pages 327–328.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կմախ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 605
  3. ^ Hoftijzer, J; Jongeling, K. (1995), “gmḥ”, in Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions (Handbuch der Orientalistik. Erste Abteilung, Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten; 21), volume I, Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, pages 225–226
  4. ^ kimah”, in The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary, University of Pennsylvania, 2006
  5. ^ Eremia Mełrecʿi (1698), “կմախք”, in Baṙgirkʿ hayocʿ [Armenian Dictionary] (in Armenian), Livorno: tpagr. Sargis Evdokiacʿu Sahetʿču, page 164

Further reading[edit]