հաշիւ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Syriac ܚܫܝܒ(ḥəšīḇ, considered, calculated), absolute masculine singular passive participle of ܚܫܒ(ḥəšaḇ, to think, count, calculate). According to J̌ahukyan, a borrowing from the Aramaic ancestor of the same is more probable.

Noun[edit]

հաշիւ (hašiw)

  1. account, calculation, consideration
    ճիշդ հաշիւčišd hašiwaccurate account
    մանրամասն հաշիւmanramasn hašiwdetailed account
    վերջին հաշիւverǰin hašiwfinal account
    բոլորակ, կլոր հաշիւbolorak, klor hašiwin round numbers
    խառն հաշիւxaṙn hašiwconfused account
    սովորական հաշիւsovorakan hašiwrunning account, account current
    ի հաշիւi hašiwon account
    ի հաշիւ իւրi hašiw iwron one's own account
    ի հաշիւ / հաշուով տալi hašiw / hašuov talto pay on account
    կշիռ հաշուիkšiṙ hašuibalance, balance-sheet
    հաշիւ առնելhašiw aṙnelto make out an account; to calculate
    հաշիւ տալhašiw talto give an account; (figuratively) to conform, to agree
    ի հաշիւ ածել, արկանելi hašiw acel, arkanelto count, to calculate, to compute, to reckon, to number, to enumerate
    հաշիւ ցուցանել, ընդունել, քննել, ճշդել, մաքրել / սրբել զհաշիւhašiw cʿucʿanel, əndunel, kʿnnel, čšdel, makʿrel / srbel zhašiwto present, to receive, to examine, to verify, to audit an account
    փակել, աւարտել զհաշիւpʿakel, awartel zhašiwto close, end or conclude, to settle or balance an account
    հաշիւ ընտրութեանhašiw əntrutʿeanexact, correct account; comparison, likening
    մտանել ի հաշիւ ընտրութեան ընդ ումեքmtanel i hašiw əntrutʿean ənd umekʿto be compared, confronted with
    առանց հաշուիaṙancʿ hašuiincomparable, matchless
  2. quarrel, dispute

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: հաշիվ (hašiv)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հաշիւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հաշիւ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, pages 308–309
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հաշիւ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 43
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period]‎[1] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 477