ձմերուկ

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Armenian[edit]

Watermelons.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian ձմերուկ (jmeruk).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Eastern Armenian, standard) IPA(key): [d͡zəmɛˈɾuk]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ձմերուկ (jmeruk)

  1. watermelon

Declension[edit]


Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ձմեր- (jmer-), oblique stem of ձմեռն (jmeṙn, winter), +‎ -ուկ (-uk).[1][2]

The sense development is unclear. Ačaṙean tentatively explains it by the coolness of watermelon juice.[1] For the association with "winter" compare Georgian საზამთრო (sazamtro, watermelon; wintry, of winter) from ზამთარი (zamtari, winter), Talysh зымсони (zımsoni, watermelon) from зымсон (zımson, winter) and Tat zumustuni (watermelon) from zumustun (winter). Compare also Greek χειμωνικό (cheimonikó, watermelon), Cappadocian Greek šαμανικό (šamanikó, a kind of melon), σιαμανίκο (siamaníko, watermelon) from Ancient Greek χειμωνικός (kheimōnikós, for winter use; wintry).[3][4] According to Leake, the Greek word refers not to the watermelon, but a particular sort of muskmelon which ripens late and can be kept right into the winter, hence the name.[5]

Noun[edit]

ձմերուկ (jmeruk), genitive singular ձմերկի (jmerki)

  1. watermelon (plant) (Citrullus lanatus, syn. Citrullus vulgaris)
  2. watermelon (fruit)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “ձմերուկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 156–157
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 437
  3. ^ Dawkins, Richard MacGillivray (1916) Modern Greek in Asia Minor: A study of dialect of Silly, Cappadocia and Pharasa, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, page 647b
  4. ^ Babiniotis, Georgios (2010), “χειμώνας”, in Etymologikó lexikó tis néas ellinikís glóssas [Etymological Dictionary of Modern Greek] (in Greek), Athens: Lexicology Centre, page 1591b
  5. ^ Leake, William Martin (1814) Researches in Greece, London, page 423.

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ձմերուկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ձմերուկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S.; Avetisyan, H. M. (2009), “ձմերուկ”, in Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press