ճիւ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan and J̌ahukyan consider the origin of the word unknown.

Martirosyan proposes derivation from Iranian *čīva- ‎(shank), attested only in the Avestan compound *ast-čīwa-, reconstructed from 𐬀𐬯𐬗𐬎𐬎𐬀 ‎(ascuua-, shank), which Lubotsky connects with Sanskrit अष्ठीवत् ‎(aṣṭhīvat, shin, shank), reconstructing Proto-Indo-Iranian *HastčiHwa-, interpreting it as a compound of the word for ‘bone’ (compare Sanskrit अस्थि ‎(asthi)) with a reflex of Proto-Indo-European *(s)kiHu- ‎(shin) (compare Russian цевка ‎(cevka), Serbo-Croatian cijev/цијев, Lithuanian šeivà, Old English scīa). If Martirosyan's etymology is correct, Armenian ճիւ ‎(čiw) provides us with the only independent evidence for Proto-Indo-Iranian *čiHwa- ‎(shank).

Noun[edit]

ճիւ ‎(čiw)

  1. leg; shank

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Unattested in Old Armenian outside the compounds երկաճիւ ‎(erkačiw) and մենաճիւ ‎(menačiw).

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Armenian: ճիվ ‎(čiv)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ճիւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • J̌axǰaxean, Manuēl (1837), “ճիւ”, in Baṙgirkʿ i barbaṙ hay ew italakan [Armenian–Italian Dictionary], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awgerean, Mkrtičʿ (1865), “ճիւ”, in Aṙjeṙn baṙaran haykaznean lezui [Pocket Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), corrected and expanded by Čēlalean, Grigor, 2nd edition, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ճիւ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2005), “On Armenian čiw ‘shank’”, in Iran and the Caucasus[1], volume 9, issue 1, pages 81–84
  • Lubotsky, Alexander (2002), “The Indo-Iranian Word for ‘shank, shin’”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[2], volume 122, issue 2, pages 318–324