տարի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian տարի ‎(tari).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

տարի ‎(tari)

  1. year
    այս տարիays tari ― this year

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (archaic) ամ ‎(am)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is unknown.

Ačaṙyan rejects all proposals and leaves the origin open.

J̌ahukyan 1987 derives from Akkadian [script needed] ‎(dārītu(m), perpetuity, eternity), which is related to Egyptian tr ‎(time, season) and the Semitic source of դար ‎(dar), but in 2010 considers the connection doubtful.

Olsen remarks that the word has no accepted etymology and tentatively adduces Ancient Greek δῶρον ‎(dôron, hand's breadth, palm, as a measure of length), δάριν ‎(dárin, span), implying a common origin for the Armenian and Greek words with a semantic development in Armenian like the one found in English “span of time”.

Noun[edit]

տարի ‎(tari

  1. year
    պարականոն տարիparakanon tari ― embolismic year
    տարւոջէ ի տարի, տարւոյ տարւոյ, տարւոյ տարիtarwoǰē i tari, tarwoy tarwoy, tarwoy tari ― annually, yearly, year by year, every year
    ի տարւոջi tarwoǰ ― in the year; per annum, a year

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, տարի ‎(tari) was used for one year, ամ ‎(am) for multiple years.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • տարի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • տարի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • տարի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume IV, pages 385–386
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 30
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 460
  • տարի in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 724ab
  • “dārītu(m)” in Jeremy Black, Andrew George, Nicholas Postgate (2000), A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian (second corrected edition), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, ISBN 3447042648, page 57a
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, page 442