քէն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷoyneh₂- ‎(revenge, punishment; redemption price; price; honor). Cognates include Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁 ‎(kaēnā, punishment, revenge), Middle Persian kyn' ‎(kēn, revenge, enmity), Persian کین ‎(kīn), Ancient Greek ποινή ‎(poinḗ, blood money, punishment), Lithuanian kaina ‎(price) and Old Church Slavonic цѣна ‎(cěna), Russian цена ‎(cena).

Noun[edit]

քէն ‎(kʿēn)

  1. rancour, inveterate hate, spite, ill will, resentment; revenge
    քէն պահել, ի քէնս մտանել‎ ― kʿēn pahel, i kʿēns mtanel ― to bear or owe a grudge, to bear malice or ill-will, to bear hard
    քէն ի մտի ունել‎ ― kʿēn i mti unel ― to keep alive resentment for an injury
    քէն ունել ընդ ումեք‎ ― kʿēn unel ənd umekʿ ― to have a grudge or spite against
    քէն ի վրիժուց‎ ― kʿēn i vrižucʿ ― out of or from hatred
    հանել զվրէժ քինու, խնդրել զքէն վրիժուց‎ ― hanel zvrēž kʿinu, xndrel zkʿēn vrižucʿ ― to by revenged, to revenge oneself
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քէն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քէն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քէն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

քէն ‎(kʿēn)

  1. ablative singular of դու ‎(du)
    ի քէն‎ ― i kʿēn ― from, by or of thee; thyself
    նա խօսեսցի առ ի քէն‎ ― na xōsescʿi aṙ i kʿēn ― he shall be thy spokesman
    ոչինչ հեռի ի քէն‎ ― očʿinčʿ heṙi i kʿēn ― not very far from you
    զքէն‎ ― zkʿēn ― upon thee; of thee
    զինչ ասիցեն զքէն‎ ― zinčʿ asicʿen zkʿēn ― what will they say of you?
    զորոց իրածգած եղեն զքէն‎ ― zorocʿ iracgac ełen zkʿēn ― those things they have heard about you