אחוז

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root א־ח־ז ('-ḥ-z). The form of the word is that of an adjective formed from the paal verb אָחַז and meaning "taken" or "held". The adjective is attested as far back as the book of Numbers. The noun presumably derives from it.

Adjective[edit]

אָחוּז (akhúzm sg indef. (f sg indef. אֲחוּזָה, m pl indef. אֲחוּזִים)

  1. held, as in the hand
    אָחוּז בְּיָדוֹ
    held in his hand
  2. held in place
    • Esther 1:6, with translation from the King James Version:
      חוּר כַּרְפַּס וּתְכֵלֶת אָחוּז בְּחַבְלֵי בוּץ וְאַרְגָּמָן עַל גְּלִילֵי כֶסֶף וְעַמּוּדֵי שֵׁשׁ
      Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble
  3. taken proportionally
    • Numbers 31:30, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וּמִמַּחֲצִת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל תִּקַּח אֶחָד אָחֻז מִן הַחֲמִשִּׁים
      And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one drawn out of every fifty

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

אָחוּז (akhúzm (plural indefinite form אֲחוּזִים, singular construct form אֲחוּז)

  1. A hundredth, a percent: used to express percentages.
    14.5%: ארבעה-עשר אחוזים וחציarba'á-asár akhuzím v'khétzi — fourteen and a half percent (literally fourteen akhuz-es and half)
    20%: עשרים אחוזesrím akhúz — twenty percent
  2. A percent, a percentage.
    איזה אחוז … ?éize akhúz … ? — What percent(age) … ?
    אחוז גבוהakhúz gavóah — a high percentage

Usage notes[edit]

  • As shown in the examples above, the singular form אָחוּז is often used even for the semantic plural.

See also[edit]