פשע

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
פ־שׁ־ע

Compare Ugaritic 𐎔𐎌𐎓 (pšʿ, rebellion, transgression).

Noun[edit]

פֶּשַׁע (pésha'm (plural indefinite פְּשָׁעִים‎, singular construct פֶּשַׁע־, plural construct פִּשְׁעֵי־‎) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. crime, transgression
    • Proverbs 29:6, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      בְּפֶשַׁע אִישׁ רָע מוֹקֵשׁ וְצַדִּיק יָרוּן וְשָׂמֵחַ׃‎‎
      B-fesha ish ra moqésh, v'tzadík yarún v'saméaḥ.
      In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare; but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.
  2. (Jewish law) a rebellious sin, done for the purpose of opposing God and not for its own benefit
    • a. 500 CE, Babylonian Talmud, Yoma 36:b:
      פשעים אלו המרדים וכן הוא אומר (מלכים ב ג, ז) מלך מואב פשע בי
      P'sha'im are rebellious, and that's why it says in II Kings 3:7, "The king of Moab rebelled against me"


Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

פשע (pashá') (pa'al construction)

  1. to commit a crime
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
פ־שׂ־ע

Noun[edit]

פֶּשַׂע (pésa'm (plural indefinite פְּשָׂעִים‎, singular construct פֶּשַׂע־, plural construct פִּשְׂעֵי־‎) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. pace, step