שבר

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
שׁ־ב־ר

Compare Aramaic תְּבַר (təḇar), Arabic ثَبَرَ (ṯabara).

Noun[edit]

שֶׁבֶר (shéverm (plural indefinite שְׁבָרִים, singular construct שֶׁבֶר־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. break (a location where something has been broken)
  2. (Judaism) a medium-short blast on a shofar
  3. (archaic) food
    • Genesis 43:2, with translation of Aryeh Kaplan:
      וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר כִּלּוּ לֶאֱכֹל אֶת־הַשֶּׁבֶר אֲשֶׁר הֵבִיאוּ מִמִּצְרָיִם
      vay'hí kaashér kilú leechól et-hashéver ashér hevíu mimitsráyim
      When they had used up all the supplies that they had brought from Egypt

Verb[edit]

שָׁבַר (shavár) (pa'al construction, passive participle שָׁבוּר, passive counterpart נִשְׁבַּר)

  1. (transitive) to break (separate into pieces or create cracks in)
  2. (transitive) to break (cause to malfunction or stop working)
  3. (transitive, archaic) to obtain food
    • Genesis 43:2, with translation of Aryeh Kaplan:
      שֻׁבוּ שִׁבְרוּ־לָנוּ מְעַט־אֹכֶל
      shuúvu shivru-lánu m'at-óchel
      Go back and get us a little food
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

שִׁבֵּר (shibér) (pi'el construction)

  1. (transitive) to shatter (break violently)
Conjugation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

שֻׁבַּר (shubár) (pu'al construction)

  1. (intransitive) to be shattered (broken violently)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

שִׂבֵּר (sibér) (pi'el construction)

  1. (intransitive) to wait
    • Ruth 1:13, with translation of the King James Version:
      הֲלָהֵן תְּשַׂבֵּרְנָה עַד אֲשֶׁר יִגְדָּלוּ
      halahén t'sabérna ád ashér yigdálu
      Would ye tarry for them till they were grown?
Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]