שבר

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
שׁ־ב־ר

Compare Aramaic תְּבַר ‎(təḇar), Arabic ثَبَرَ ‎(ṯabara).

Noun[edit]

שֶׁבֶר ‎(shéverm ‎(plural indefinite שְׁבָרִים, singular construct שֶׁבֶר־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. break (a location where something has been broken)
  2. (Judaism) a medium-short blast on a shofar
  3. (archaic) food
    • Genesis 43:2, with translation of Aryeh Kaplan:
      וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר כִּלּוּ לֶאֱכֹל אֶת־הַשֶּׁבֶר אֲשֶׁר הֵבִיאוּ מִמִּצְרָיִם
      vay'hí kaashér kilú leechól et-hashéver ashér hevíu mimitsráyim
      When they had used up all the supplies that they had brought from Egypt

Verb[edit]

שָׁבַר ‎(shavár) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. (transitive) (He/it) broke (caused to end up in pieces)
  2. (transitive) (He/it) broke (caused to malfunction or stop working)
  3. (transitive) (He/it) broke (broke a bone)
  4. (transitive, archaic) (He/it) obtained food
    • Genesis 43:2, with translation of Aryeh Kaplan:
      שֻׁבוּ שִׁבְרוּ־לָנוּ מְעַט־אֹכֶל
      shuúvu shivru-lánu m'at-óchel
      Go back and get us a little food
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

שִׁבֵּר ‎(shibér) ‎(pi'el construction)

  1. (transitive) (He/it) shattered (broke violently)
Conjugation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

שֻׁבַּר ‎(shubár) ‎(pu'al construction)

  1. (intransitive) (He/it) shattered, was shattered (broken violently)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

שִׂבֵּר ‎(sibér) ‎(pi'el construction)

  1. (intransitive) (He/it) waited
    • Ruth 1:13, with translation of the King James Version:
      הֲלָהֵן תְּשַׂבֵּרְנָה עַד אֲשֶׁר יִגְדָּלוּ
      halahén t'sabérna ád ashér yigdálu
      Would ye tarry for them till they were grown?
Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]