שעה

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Hebrew[edit]

Root
שׁ־ע־ה(š-ʿ-h)

Etymology[edit]

See Arabic سَاعَة(sāʿa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שָׁעָה (sha'áf (dual indefinite שעתיים \ שְׁעָתַיִם‎, plural indefinite שָׁעוֹת‎, singular construct שְׁעַת־‎, plural construct שְׁעוֹת־‎)

  1. An hour: a period of time, defined variously (depending on time period, and on religious versus secular purposes), but currently usually sixty minutes.
    מה השעה?‎‎ ― ma hasha'á?What time is it? (literally, “what is the hour?”)
    מָה הַשָּׁעָה?‎‎ ― ma hasha'á?What time is it? (literally, “what is the hour?”)
  2. (by extension) The time.
    • a. 217 C.E., Mishnah, Avot 2:3:
      הֱווּ זְהִירִין בָּרָשׁוּת, שֶׁאֵין מְקָרְבִין לוֹ לְאָדָם אֶלָּא לְצֹרֶךְ עַצְמָן; נִרְאִין כְּאוֹהֲבִין בִּשְׁעַת הֲנָאָתָן, וְאֵין עוֹמְדִין לוֹ לָאָדָם בִּשְׁעַת דָּחֳקוֹ.‎‎
      hevú z'hirín barashút, she'ein m'kar'vín ló l'adám 'elá l'tsórekh 'atsmán; nir'ín k'ohavín bish'át hana'atán, v'ein 'om'dín ló la'adám bish'át dokhokó.
      Beware of government, for they befriend a man only for their own benefit; they act friendly when it benefits them, but they do not stand by a man in his time of need.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

שָׁעָה (sha'á) (pa'al construction)

  1. (Biblical Hebrew or literary) To look, gaze at or about.
    • 2 Samuel 22:42, with translation of the English Standard Version:
      יִשְׁעוּ וְאֵין מֹשִׁיעַ אֶל־יְהוָה וְלֹא עָנָֽם׃‎‎
      They looked, but there was none to save; they cried to the LORD, but he did not answer them.
  2. (Biblical Hebrew) To have respect.
    • Genesis 4:5, with translation of the King James Version:
      וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתֹו לֹא שָׁעָה [] ‎‎
      But unto Cain and to his offering He had not respect []

Anagrams[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • שאָ(sho)Soviet phonetic spelling

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שָׁעָה‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שעה (shof, plural שעהן(shoen)

  1. hour