أنثى

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See also: أنبئand انتي

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *anṯat-. Related to the verb أَنُثَ(ʾanuṯa, to be feminine). Has the form of a feminine elative. Cognate with Ugaritic 𐎀𐎘𐎚 (aṯt, wife), Akkadian aššatum (wife), Aramaic אִנְתְּתָא(ʾintəṯā), אִיתְּתָא(ʾittəṯā), Hebrew אִשָּׁה(ʾiššâ) and Classical Syriac ܐܢܬܬܐ‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔun.θaː/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

أُنْثَى (ʾunṯāf (dual أُنْثَيَانِ(ʾunṯayāni), plural إِنَاث(ʾināṯ) or أَنَاثَى(ʾanāṯā) or أُنُث(ʾunuṯ))

  1. a female
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 49:13:
      يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا
      yā ʾayyuhā n-nāsu ʾinnā ḵalaqnākum min ḏakarin wa-ʾunṯā wa-jaʿalnākum šuʿūban wa-qabāʾila li-taʿārafū
      O mankind! Indeed, We created you from a male and a female and made you nations and tribes that you may be well acquainted with one another.
  2. (in the dual, obsolete) testicles

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

أُنْثَى (ʾunṯā) (common plural إِنَاث(ʾināṯ) or أَنَاثَى(ʾanāṯā) or أُنُث(ʾunuṯ))

  1. female
  2. feminine

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]