اسفند

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Persian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A contraction of اسفندارمذ , اسفندارمزد , from Middle Persian spndrmt’ (Spandarmad), lit. “holy thought”; name of the fourth Amahraspand (divine deity) in Zoroastrianism and a Goddess.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Persian) IPA(key): [isˈfand̪]
  • (Iranian Persian) IPA(key): /esˈfænd̪/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Dari Persian اسفند
Iranian Persian اسفند
Tajiki Persian Исфанд (Isfand)

اسفند (esfand)

  1. Esfand, the twelfth month of the solar Persian calendar.
  2. Name of the fifth day of any month of the solar Persian calendar.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (spand), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *ĉwantaH (holy) (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬧𐬙𐬀(spəṇta, holy), because the plant is used in fumigation against evil eye. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwen-.

Noun[edit]

اسفند (esfand)

  1. wild rue