اللات

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Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Possible etymologies:[1]

  • From the root ل ت ت(l-t-t), from which the verb لَتَّ(latta, to mix, or knead, barley-meal) is derived. This is the explanation given in Arab lexicographical tradition and supported by epigraphic evidence; compare Hismaic 𐪁𐪉(lt).
  • A feminine form of اللّٰه(allāh) or الإلٰه(al-ʾilāh). This is supported by the form given by Herodotus, who identifies Ἀλιλᾱ́τ (Alilā́t) (which would correspond to *اَلْإِلَات (*alʾilāt)) with Aphrodite Urania,[2] and is explained as having the same ending as some ossified vocative forms like أَخَات (ʾaḵāt) for أُخْت(ʾuḵt, sister).[3] It should however be noted as well that many gods and goddesses were referred to by the titles الإلٰه(al-ʾilāh) and الإِلٰهَة(al-ʾilāha), and being so, the goddess referenced by Herodotus need not inherently be the same.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

اللَّات (al-lātf

  1. (Arabian mythology) Allat
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 53:19-20:
      أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَٱلْعُزَّى وَمَنَاةَ ٱلثَّالِثَةَ ٱلْأُخْرَى
      ʾafaraʾaytumu l-lāta wal-ʿuzzā wamanāta ṯ-ṯāliṯata l-ʾuḵrā
      So have you considered al-Lāt and al-ʿUzzā? And Manāt, the third - the other one?

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Ancient Greek: Ἀλιλάτ (Alilát)
  • English: Allat

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fahd, T., "al-Lāt", Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 5: Khe-Mahi, 2nd edition, ed. by C. E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, B. Lewis and Ch. Pellat, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986, page 892
  2. ^ J.F. Healey, The Religion of the Nabataeans: A Conspectus
  3. ^ Bauer, Hans (1915) , “Semitische Sprachprobleme. 5. Die Verwandtschaftsnamen und ilāh „Gott“ im Semitischen”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 69, page 561

Further reading[edit]