سفينة

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See also: سفینه

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Aramaic סְפינִתָּא‎ / ܣܦܻܝܢܬܳܐ(sǝp̄īntā). Forming the root س ف ن(s-f-n).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sa.fiː.na/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سَفِينَة (safīnaf (plural سُفُن(sufun) or سَفَائِن(safāʾin))

  1. ship, vessel
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 29:14-15:
      وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا فَأَخَذَهُمُ ٱلطُّوفَانُ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَأَصْحَابَ ٱلسَّفِينَةِ وَجَعَلْنَاهَا آيَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ
      wa-laqad ʾarsalnā nūḥan ʾilā qawmihi fa-labiṯa fīhim ʾalfa sanatin ʾillā ḵamsīna ʿāman fa-ʾaḵaḏahumu ṭ-ṭūfānu wahum ẓālimūna fa-ʾanjaynāhu wa-ʾaṣḥāba s-safīnati wa-jaʿalnāhā ʾāyatan li-l-ʿālamīna
      And We certainly sent Noah to his people, and he remained among them nine hundred and fifty years, and the flood seized them while they were wrongdoers. But We saved him and the companions of the ship, and We made it a sign for the worlds.
    • 10th century, Al-Mutanabbi
      مَا كُلُّ مَا يَتَمَنَّى ٱلْمَرْءُ يُدْرِكُهُ
      تَجْرِي ٱلرِّيَاحُ بِمَا لَا تَشْتَهِي ٱلسُّفُنُ
      ‎‎
      mā kullu mā yatamannā l-marʾu yudrikuhu
      tajrī r-riyāḥu bimā lā taštahī s-sufunu
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonym: فُلْك(fulk)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Persian: سفینه(safine)

References[edit]

  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 641
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 216–217
  • Guidi, Ignazio (1879) Della sede primitiva dei popoli semitici (in Italian), Rome: Tipi del Salviucci, page 37–38 footnote 10
  • Wagner, Max (1966) Die lexikalischen und grammatikalischen Aramaismen im alttestamentlichen Hebräisch (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 96) (in German), Berlin: Alfred Töpelmann, →ISBN, page 88