عشرون

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arabic[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
200
 ←  10  ←  19 ٢٠
20
21  → [a], [b] 30  → 
2
    Cardinal: عِشْرُون (ʕišrūn)
    Ordinal: عِشْرُون (ʕišrūn)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʿiśrū-. Compare Hebrew עֶשְׂרִים(ʿeśrīm), Aramaic עֶסְרִין(ʿesrīn) and Ugaritic 𐎓𐎌𐎗𐎎 (ʿšrm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

عِشْرُونَ (ʕišrūnam or f (oblique عِشْرِينَ(ʕišrīna))

  1. twenty
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 8:65:
      إِنْ يَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ عِشْرُونَ صَابِرُونَ يَغْلِبُوا مِائَتَيْنِ
      ʔin yakun minkum ʕišrūna ṣābirūna yaḡlibū miʔatayni
      If there are twenty among you who are steadfast, they can overpower two hundred.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: għoxrin
  • Moroccan Arabic: عشرين(ʕašrīn)
  • Swahili: ishirini

Adjective[edit]

عِشْرُونَ (ʕišrūna) (feminine عِشْرُونَ (ʕišrūna))

  1. twentieth
    اَلْقَرْنُ الْعِشْرُون‎ ― al-qarnu l-ʕišrūnthe twentieth century