اثنان

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Arabic[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 ٢
2
3  → 
    Cardinal: اِثْنَان (iṯnān)
    Ordinal: ثَانٍ(ṯānin)
    Multiplier: ثُنَائِيّ(ṯunāʾiyy), مُثَنًّى(muṯannan)
    Distributive: ثُنَاءَ(ṯunāʾa), مَثْنَى(maṯnā)
    Fractional: نِصْف(niṣf)

Etymology[edit]

From the root ث ن ي(ṯ-n-y), from Proto-Semitic *ṯin-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

اِثْنَان (iṯnānm du (oblique اِثْنَيْن(iṯnayn), feminine اِثْنَتَان(iṯnatān) or ثِنْتَان(ṯintān), feminine oblique اِثْنَتَيْن(iṯnatayn) or ثِنْتَيْن(ṯintayn))

  1. two
    رَأَيْتُ رَجُلَيْنِ ٱثْنَيْنِ وَٱمْرَأَتَيْنِ ٱثْنَتَيْنِ‎ ― raʾaytu rajulayni ṯnayni wamraʾatayni ṯnatayniI saw [only] two men and two women.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The cardinal numbers "one" and "two" succeed the modified noun or substantive and agree with its grammatical gender.
  • Adding the cardinal numbers "one" and "two" is optional, since nouns have morphologically singular and dual forms. Thus, when mentioned, it usually implies some emphasis comparable to the addition of only or merely in English.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: اتنين(itnēn)
  • Maltese: tnejn
  • Moroccan Arabic: تنين(tnīn, tnayn)
  • North Levantine Arabic: تنان(tnān)