غيبة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verbal noun of غَابَ(ḡāba), from the root غ ي ب(ḡ-y-b).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

غَيْبَة (ḡaybaf (plural غَيْبَات(ḡaybāt))

  1. verbal noun of غَابَ(ḡāba)
    1. absence
  2. instance noun of غَابَ(ḡāba)
Declension[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

غِيبَة (ḡībaf

  1. backbiting, bad-mouthing, maligning, harmful or slanderous gossip, speaking badly of a person in his absence
    • Sahih Muslim
      [] عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ ٱللَّٰهِ صَلَّى ٱللَّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْغِيبَةُ؟» قَالُوا: «اَللَّٰهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ.» قَالَ: «ذِكْرُكَ أَخَاكَ بِمَا يَكْرَهُ.» قِيلَ: «أَفَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ فِي أَخِي مَا أَقُولُ؟» قَالَ: «إِنْ كَانَ فِيهِ مَا تَقُولُ فَقَدِ ٱغْتَبْتَهُ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ فَقَدْ بَهَتَّهُ.»‎‎
      [] ʿan ʾabī hurayrata, ʾanna rasūla llāhi ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wasallama qāla: “ʾatadrūna mā l-ḡībatu?” qālū: “ʾallāhu warasūluhu ʾaʿlamu.” qāla: “ḏikruka ʾaḵāka bimā yakrahu.” qīla: “ʾafaraʾayta ʾin kāna fī ʾaḵī mā ʾaqūlu?” qāla: “ʾin kāna fīhi mā taqūlu faqadi ḡtabtahu, waʾin lam yakun fīhi faqad bahattahu.”
      Abu Hurayrah related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do you know what is ḡībah?" They said, "Allah and his Prophet know best." [So] he said, "[It is] speaking ill of your brother [literally "mentioning your brother and what he dislikes to be mentioned"]." [Then] someone said, "[But] what if what I said is true?" [So] he said, "If it is true, it is ḡībah, and if it is not, it is buhtān.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: qeybət
  • Bashkir: ғәйбәт (ğäybät)
  • Indonesian: gibah
  • Kazakh: ғайбат (ğaybat)
  • Uzbek: gʻiybat
See also[edit]