فرسخ

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Northwestern Middle Iranian *frasax (parasang), cognate with Old Armenian հրասախ (hrasax) an Iranian loanword from same source. Compare Sorthwestern Iranian form, Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (plsng /frasang/) and Persian فرسنگ(farsang). Astronomical sense semantic loan from English parsec. See also فَرْسَخ فَلَكِيّ(farsaḵ falakiyy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فَرْسَخ (farsaḵm (plural فَرَاسِخ(farāsiḵ))

  1. parasang, farsang
    1. (obsolete, Egypt/Sudan until 1891) a linear measure, 500 قَصَبَة(qaṣaba) – about 1750 m
    2. (obsolete, Saudi-Arabia until 1964) a linear measure, 18 of a مَرْحَلَة(marḥala) – 4830 m
  2. (astronomy) short for فَرْسَخ فَلَكِيّ(farsaḵ falakiyy, parsec).

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cardarelli, François (2003) Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins, London: Springer, →ISBN, pages 128, 135

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reborrowed from Arabic فَرْسَخ(farsaḵ), from Persian فرسنگ(farsang).

Noun[edit]

فرسخ (farsax) (plural فرسخ‌ها(farsax-hâ) or فراسخ‎)

  1. parasang, farsang

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]