ऋषि

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *r̥šíš.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋषि (ŕṣim

  1. a rishi, sage

Declension[edit]

Declension of ऋषि
Singular Plural
Direct ऋषि (ŕṣi) ऋषि (ŕṣi)
Oblique ऋषि (ŕṣi) ऋषियों (ŕṣiyõ)
Vocative ऋषि (ŕṣi) ऋषियो (ŕṣiyo)

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ŕ̥ṣiṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *r̥šíš. Cognate with Avestan 𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬌𐬱(ərəšiš, seer). Probably related to अर्षति (árṣati, to flow, pour).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋषि (ṛ́ṣim

  1. A rishi: a singer of sacred hymns, an inspired poet or sage, any person who alone or with others invokes the deities in rhythmical speech or song of a sacred character
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.31.1:
      त्वमग्ने प्रथमो अङ्गिरा ऋषिर्देवो देवानामभवः शिवः सखा ।
      tvamagne prathamo aṅgirā ṛṣirdevo devānāmabhavaḥ śivaḥ sakhā .
      Thou, Agni, wast the earliest Aṅgiras, a Seer; thou wast, a God thyself, the Gods’ auspicious Friend.
  2. (post-Vedic) Rishi: as patriarchal sages or saints that occupy the same position in India history as the heroes and patriarchs of other countries, and constitute a peculiar class of beings in the early mythical system, as distinct from gods, men, Asuras etc.
  3. (astronomy) The seven rishis form the constellation Ursa Major
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.82.2:
      विश्वकर्मा विमना आद्विहाया धाता विधाता परमोत संदृक् ।
      तेषामिष्टानि समिषा मदन्ति यत्रा सप्तऋषीन्पर एकमाहुः ॥
      viśvakarmā vimanā ādvihāyā dhātā vidhātā paramota saṃdṛk .
      teṣāmiṣṭāni samiṣā madanti yatrā saptaṛṣīnpara ekamāhuḥ .
      Mighty in mind and power is Visvakarman, Maker, Disposer, and most lofty Presence.
      Their offerings joy in rich juice where they value One, only One, beyond the Seven Ṛṣis.
  4. A saint or sanctified sage in general, an ascetic, anchorite
  5. The seventh of the eight degrees of Brahmins
  6. A hymn or mantra composed by a rishi
  7. A veda
  8. A symbolical expression for the number seven

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋषिः
ṛ́ṣiḥ
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषयः
ṛ́ṣayaḥ
Vocative ऋषे
ṛ́ṣe
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषयः
ṛ́ṣayaḥ
Accusative ऋषिम्
ṛ́ṣim
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषीन्
ṛ́ṣīn
Instrumental ऋषिणा / ऋष्या¹
ṛ́ṣiṇā / ṛ́ṣyā¹
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभिः
ṛ́ṣibhiḥ
Dative ऋषये / ऋष्ये²
ṛ́ṣaye / ṛ́ṣye²
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभ्यः
ṛ́ṣibhyaḥ
Ablative ऋषेः / ऋष्यः²
ṛ́ṣeḥ / ṛ́ṣyaḥ²
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभ्यः
ṛ́ṣibhyaḥ
Genitive ऋषेः / ऋष्यः²
ṛ́ṣeḥ / ṛ́ṣyaḥ²
ऋष्योः
ṛ́ṣyoḥ
ऋषीणाम्
ṛ́ṣīṇām
Locative ऋषौ
ṛ́ṣau
ऋष्योः
ṛ́ṣyoḥ
ऋषिषु
ṛ́ṣiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]