ऋषि

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *r̥šíš.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɾɪ.ʂiː/, [ɾɪ.ʃiː]

Noun[edit]

ऋषि (ŕṣim (Urdu spellingرشی⁩)

  1. rishi, sage

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

ऋषि (ŕṣim (Urdu spellingرشی⁩)

  1. a male given name, Rishi, equivalent to English Rishi
    ऋषि सुनकŕṣi sunakRishi Sunak

Declension[edit]

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *r̥šíš.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋषि (r̥ṣi) (Hinduism)

  1. rishi, sage

Proper noun[edit]

ऋषि (r̥ṣi)

  1. a male given name, equivalent to English Rishi

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *r̥šíš. Cognate with Avestan𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬌𐬱(ərəšiš, seer). Probably related to अर्षति (árṣati, to flow, pour).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi) stemm

  1. a rishi: a singer of sacred hymns, an inspired poet or sage, any person who alone or with others invokes the deities in rhythmical speech or song of a sacred character
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.31.1:
      त्वमग्ने प्रथमो अङ्गिरा ऋषिर्देवो देवानामभवः शिवः सखा ।
      tvamagne prathamo aṅgirā ṛṣirdevo devānāmabhavaḥ śivaḥ sakhā .
      Thou, Agni, wast the earliest Aṅgiras, a Seer; thou wast, a God thyself, the Gods’ auspicious Friend.
  2. rishi: sages whom after gotra is derived
  3. (astronomy) the seven rishis form the constellation Ursa Major
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.82.2:
      विश्वकर्मा विमना आद्विहाया धाता विधाता परमोत संदृक् ।
      तेषामिष्टानि समिषा मदन्ति यत्रा सप्तऋषीन्पर एकमाहुः ॥
      viśvakarmā vimanā ādvihāyā dhātā vidhātā paramota saṃdṛk .
      teṣāmiṣṭāni samiṣā madanti yatrā saptaṛṣīnpara ekamāhuḥ .
      Mighty in mind and power is Visvakarman, Maker, Disposer, and most lofty Presence.
      Their offerings joy in rich juice where they value One, only One, beyond the Seven Ṛṣis.
  4. a saint or sanctified sage in general, an ascetic, anchorite
  5. the seventh of the eight degrees of Brahmins
  6. a hymn or mantra composed by a rishi
  7. a veda
  8. a symbolical expression for the number seven

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of ऋषि (ṛ́ṣi)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋषिः
ṛ́ṣiḥ
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषयः
ṛ́ṣayaḥ
Vocative ऋषे
ṛ́ṣe
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषयः
ṛ́ṣayaḥ
Accusative ऋषिम्
ṛ́ṣim
ऋषी
ṛ́ṣī
ऋषीन्
ṛ́ṣīn
Instrumental ऋषिणा / ऋष्या¹
ṛ́ṣiṇā / ṛ́ṣyā¹
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभिः
ṛ́ṣibhiḥ
Dative ऋषये
ṛ́ṣaye
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभ्यः
ṛ́ṣibhyaḥ
Ablative ऋषेः / ऋष्यः¹
ṛ́ṣeḥ / ṛ́ṣyaḥ¹
ऋषिभ्याम्
ṛ́ṣibhyām
ऋषिभ्यः
ṛ́ṣibhyaḥ
Genitive ऋषेः / ऋष्यः¹
ṛ́ṣeḥ / ṛ́ṣyaḥ¹
ऋष्योः
ṛ́ṣyoḥ
ऋषीणाम्
ṛ́ṣīṇām
Locative ऋषौ / ऋषा¹
ṛ́ṣau / ṛ́ṣā¹
ऋष्योः
ṛ́ṣyoḥ
ऋषिषु
ṛ́ṣiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]