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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *kʰād-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷh₂ed-.[1] Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬍-𐬑𐬀𐬛𐬀-‎ (vī-xada-‎, to squeeze apart), Parthian 𐫟𐫀𐫉𐫏𐫗𐫅 (xʾzynd, to devour), modern Persian خاییدن (xâyidan), and Old Armenian խածանեմ (xacanem).[2]


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /kʰɑːd̪/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kʰɑːd̪/
  • Root[edit]

    खाद् (khād)[3]

    1. to eat, chew, devour

    Derived terms[edit]


    1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?*k(u̯)h₂ed-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 359
    2. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*xād”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 445
    3. ^ Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 339