गाथ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gaHtHa-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬁𐬚𐬁 ‎(gāʮā, form of strophe, metre, name the collections of Zarathustra's songs). Same PII root *gaH- gave Sanskrit root √gāi ‎(√gāi, to sing).

Noun[edit]

गाथ ‎(gāthám

  1. song
    • RV 1.167.6d
      आस्थापयन्त युवतिं युवानः शुभे निमिष्लां विदथेषुपज्राम |
      अर्को यद वो मरुतो हविष्मान गायद गाथं सुतसोमो दुवस्यन ||
      āsthāpayanta yuvatiṃ yuvānaḥ śubhe nimiṣlāṃ vidatheṣupajrām |
      arko yad vo maruto haviṣmān ghāyad ghāthaṃ sutasomo duvasyan ||
      Upon their car the young men set the Maiden wedded to glory, mighty in assemblies,
      When your song, Maruts, rose, and, with oblation, the Soma-pourer sang his hymn in worship.
    • RV 9.11.4c
      बभ्रवे नु सवतवसे ऽरुणाय दिविस्प्र्शे |
      सोमाय गाथम अर्चत ||
      babhrave nu svatavase 'ruṇāya divispṛśe |
      somāya ghātham arcata ||
      Sing a praise-song to Soma brown of hue, of independent might.
      The Red, who reaches up to heaven.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गाथ
Nom. sg. गाथः ‎(gāthaḥ)
Gen. sg. गाथस्य ‎(gāthasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गाथः ‎(gāthaḥ) गाथौ ‎(gāthau) गाथाः ‎(gāthāḥ)
Vocative गाथ ‎(gātha) गाथौ ‎(gāthau) गाथाः ‎(gāthāḥ)
Accusative गाथम् ‎(gātham) गाथौ ‎(gāthau) गाथान् ‎(gāthān)
Instrumental गाथेन ‎(gāthena) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथैः ‎(gāthaiḥ)
Dative गाथाय ‎(gāthāya) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः ‎(gāthebhyaḥ)
Ablative गाथात् ‎(gāthāt) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः ‎(gāthebhyaḥ)
Genitive गाथस्य ‎(gāthasya) गाथयोः ‎(gāthayoḥ) गाथानाम् ‎(gāthānām)
Locative गाथे ‎(gāthe) गाथयोः ‎(gāthayoḥ) गाथेषु ‎(gātheṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0352