गाथ

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See also: गाथा and गूथ

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gaHtʰás. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬁𐬚𐬁 (gāθā, form of strophe, metre, name the collections of Zarathustra's songs). Same PII root *gaH- gave Sanskrit root गायति (gāyati, to sing).

Noun[edit]

गाथ (gāthám

  1. song
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.167.6
      आस्थापयन्त युवतिं युवानः शुभे निमिश्लां विदथेषु पज्राम् ।
      अर्को यद्वो मरुतो हविष्मान्गायद्गाथं सुतसोमो दुवस्यन् ॥
      āsthāpayanta yuvatiṃ yuvānaḥ śubhe nimiślāṃ vidatheṣu pajrām .
      arko yadvo maruto haviṣmāngāyadgāthaṃ sutasomo duvasyan .
      Upon their car the young men set the Maiden wedded to glory, mighty in assemblies,
      When your song, Maruts, rose, and, with oblation, the Soma-pourer sang his hymn in worship.
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 9.11.4
      बभ्रवे नु स्वतवसेऽरुणाय दिविस्पृशे ।
      सोमाय गाथमर्चत ॥
      babhrave nu svatavase’ruṇāya divispṛśe .
      somāya gāthamarcata .
      Sing a praise-song to Soma brown of hue, of independent might.
      The Red, who reaches up to heaven.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गाथ
Nom. sg. गाथः (gāthaḥ)
Gen. sg. गाथस्य (gāthasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गाथः (gāthaḥ) गाथौ (gāthau) गाथाः (gāthāḥ)
Vocative गाथ (gātha) गाथौ (gāthau) गाथाः (gāthāḥ)
Accusative गाथम् (gātham) गाथौ (gāthau) गाथान् (gāthān)
Instrumental गाथेन (gāthena) गाथाभ्याम् (gāthābhyām) गाथैः (gāthaiḥ)
Dative गाथाय (gāthāya) गाथाभ्याम् (gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः (gāthebhyaḥ)
Ablative गाथात् (gāthāt) गाथाभ्याम् (gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः (gāthebhyaḥ)
Genitive गाथस्य (gāthasya) गाथयोः (gāthayoḥ) गाथानाम् (gāthānām)
Locative गाथे (gāthe) गाथयोः (gāthayoḥ) गाथेषु (gātheṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0352