गाथा

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Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

गाथा f

  1. Devanagari script form of gāthā

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gaHtHa-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬁𐬚𐬁 ‎(gāʮā, form of strophe, metre, name the collections of Zarathustra's songs). Same PII root *gaH- gave Sanskrit root √gāi ‎(√gāi, to sing).

Noun[edit]

गाथा ‎(gāthā́f

  1. verse, stanza (especially one which is neither ऋच् ‎(ṛc), nor सामन् ‎(sāman), nor यजुस् ‎(yajus), a verse not belonging to the Vedas, but to the epic poetry of legends or आख्यान ‎(ākhyāna)s, such as the Śunaḥśepa-ākhyāna or the Suparṇādhyāya)
  2. the metrical part of a sūtra
  3. name of the āryā metre
  4. any metre not enumerated in the regular treatises on prosody (compare ऋग्गाथा ‎(ṛg-gāthā), रिजुगाथ ‎(riju-gātha), यज्ञगाथा ‎(yajña-gāthā))

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of गाथा
Nom. sg. गाथा ‎(gāthā)
Gen. sg. गाथायाः ‎(gāthāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गाथा ‎(gāthā) गाथे ‎(gāthe) गाथाः ‎(gāthāḥ)
Vocative गाथे ‎(gāthe) गाथे ‎(gāthe) गाथाः ‎(gāthāḥ)
Accusative गाथाम् ‎(gāthām) गाथे ‎(gāthe) गाथाः ‎(gāthāḥ)
Instrumental गाथया ‎(gāthayā) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथाभिः ‎(gāthābhiḥ)
Dative गाथायै ‎(gāthāyai) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथाभ्यः ‎(gāthābhyaḥ)
Ablative गाथायाः ‎(gāthāyāḥ) गाथाभ्याम् ‎(gāthābhyām) गाथाभ्यः ‎(gāthābhyaḥ)
Genitive गाथायाः ‎(gāthāyāḥ) गाथयोः ‎(gāthayoḥ) गाथानाम् ‎(gāthānām)
Locative गाथायाम् ‎(gāthāyām) गाथयोः ‎(gāthayoḥ) गाथासु ‎(gāthāsu)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0352