नक्षत्र

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the root √nakṣ (to come near, approach, arrive at, get, attain).

Noun[edit]

नक्षत्र (nákṣatran

  1. a star or any heavenly body
    • RV 6.67.6c
      ता हि कषत्रं धारयेथे अनु दयून दरंहेथे सानुमुपमादिव दयोः |
      दर्ळ्हो नक्षत्र उत विश्वदेवो भूमिमातान दयां धासिनायोः ||
      tā hi kṣatraṃ dhārayethe anu dyūn dṛṃhethe sānumupamādiva dyoḥ |
      dṛḷho nakṣatra uta viśvadevo bhūmimātān dyāṃ dhāsināyoḥ ||
      So, through the days maintaining princely power. ye prop the height as ’twere from loftiest heaven.
      The Star of all the Gods, established, filleth the heaven and earth with food of man who liveth.
  2. the Sun
  3. (sometimes collectively) "the stars" (e.g. VII. 86, 1 RV. etc.)
  4. an asterism or constellation through which the moon passes, a lunar mansion (AV. etc.)
    श्रविष्ठा (śraviṣṭhā) or धनिष्ठा (dhaniṣṭhā), शतभिषज् (śata-bhiṣaj), पूर्वभद्रपदा (pūrva-bhadrapadā), उत्तरभद्रपदा (uttara-bhadrapadā), रेवती (revatī), अश्विनी (aśvinī), भरणी (bharaṇī), कृत्तिका (kṛttikā), रोहिणी (rohiṇī) or ब्राह्मी (brāhmī), मृगशिरस् (mṛga-śiras) or आग्रहायणी (āgrahāyaṇī), आर्द्रा (ārdrā), पुनर्वसू (punarvasū) or यामकौ (yāmakau), पुष्य (puṣya) or सिध्य (sidhya), आश्लेषा (āśleṣā), मघा (maghā), पूर्वफल्गुनी (pūrva-phalgunī), उत्तरफल्गुनी (uttara-phalgunī), हस्त (hasta), चित्रा (citrā), स्वाती (svātī), विशाखा (viśākhā) or राधा (rādhā), अनुराधा (anurādhā), ज्येष्ठ (jyeṣṭha), मूल (mūla), पूर्वाषाढा (pūrvā*ṣāḍhā), उत्तराषाढा (uttarāṣāḍhā), अभिजित् (abhijit), श्रवण (śravaṇa)
  5. pearl (L.)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0524