परशु

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See also: पर्शु

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *paraśúṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *paraĉúš. Cognate with Ancient Greek πέλεκυς (pélekus, axe),[1][2] and hence apparently reconstructible back to Proto-Indo-European[1][2] as *peleḱús (axe). The word is often considered a Wanderwort,[1] and the similarity of Akkadian [script needed] (pilaqqu) (from Sumerian [script needed] (balag, axe); compare Arabic فَلَقَ (falaqa, to split apart)) has led some to suggest that the Proto-Indo-European word is a borrowing of the Akkadian word.[1][2]

Possibly cognate also to German Beil (axe); see *bilją (with which Beil's etymon was conflated).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

परशु (paraśúm

  1. hatchet
  2. axe

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of परशु (paraśú)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative परशुः
paraśúḥ
परशू
paraśū́
परशवः
paraśávaḥ
Vocative परशो
páraśo
परशू
páraśū
परशवः
páraśavaḥ
Accusative परशुम्
paraśúm
परशू
paraśū́
परशून्
paraśū́n
Instrumental परशुना / परश्वा¹
paraśúnā / paraśvā̀¹
परशुभ्याम्
paraśúbhyām
परशुभिः
paraśúbhiḥ
Dative परशवे / परश्वे²
paraśáve / paraśvè²
परशुभ्याम्
paraśúbhyām
परशुभ्यः
paraśúbhyaḥ
Ablative परशोः / परश्वः²
paraśóḥ / paraśvàḥ²
परशुभ्याम्
paraśúbhyām
परशुभ्यः
paraśúbhyaḥ
Genitive परशोः / परश्वः²
paraśóḥ / paraśvàḥ²
परश्वोः
paraśvóḥ
परशूनाम्
paraśūnā́m
Locative परशौ
paraśaú
परश्वोः
paraśvóḥ
परशुषु
paraśúṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J. P. Mallory, D. Q. Adams, The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European (2006, →ISBN): "We find cognates in Grk pélekus, Oss færæt, and Skt paraśú, and the proto-form is often compared with Semitic forms, e.g. Akkadian pilakku which some translate as 'axe' but others translate as 'spindle', which is semantically very distant."
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Martin Bernal, Black Athena: The linguistic evidence