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See also: वराह



Either a loan from Dravidian – compare Proto-Dravidian *wariñci (rice) – or, according to Witzel, borrowed from an unknown South Asian, possibly Austro-Asiatic, source, with the Dravidian word being an independent borrowing of another variant.[1]

Related words are found in Iranian, Ancient Greek and Semitic. See Middle Persian blnj for more.


व्रीहि (vrīhím

  1. rice
  2. (in the plural) grains of rice
  3. a field of rice
  4. rice ripening in the rainy season
  5. any grain


Masculine i-stem declension of व्रीहि
Nom. sg. व्रीहिः (vrīhiḥ)
Gen. sg. व्रीहेः (vrīheḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative व्रीहिः (vrīhiḥ) व्रीही (vrīhī) व्रीहयः (vrīhayaḥ)
Vocative व्रीहे (vrīhe) व्रीही (vrīhī) व्रीहयः (vrīhayaḥ)
Accusative व्रीहिम् (vrīhim) व्रीही (vrīhī) व्रीहीन् (vrīhīn)
Instrumental व्रीहिणा (vrīhiṇā) व्रीहिभ्याम् (vrīhibhyām) व्रीहिभिः (vrīhibhiḥ)
Dative व्रीहये (vrīhaye) व्रीहिभ्याम् (vrīhibhyām) व्रीहिभ्यः (vrīhibhyaḥ)
Ablative व्रीहेः (vrīheḥ) व्रीहिभ्याम् (vrīhibhyām) व्रीहिभ्यः (vrīhibhyaḥ)
Genitive व्रीहेः (vrīheḥ) व्रीह्योः (vrīhyoḥ) व्रीहीणाम् (vrīhīṇām)
Locative व्रीहौ (vrīhau) व्रीह्योः (vrīhyoḥ) व्रीहिषु (vrīhiṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1043
  1. ^ Witzel 1999, page 27