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Morpholgically derived from the √sṛ (√sṛ, to flow, run, speed). Commonly held to be comparable to Ancient Greek ὁρμή (hormḗ), as if from Proto-Indo-European *sórmos, o-grade derivative of *ser- (to flow, stream).


सर्म (sármam

  1. going, running, flowing
    • RV 1.80.5d
      इन्द्रो वर्त्रस्य दोधतः सानुं वज्रेण हीळितः |
      अभिक्रम्याव जिघ्नते.अपः सर्माय चोदयन्न् अनु स्वराज्यम् ||
      indro vṛtrasya dodhataḥ sānuṃ vajreṇa hīḷitaḥ |
      abhikramyāva jighnate.apaḥ sarmāya codayannarcann ánu svarâjyam ||
      The wrathful Indra with his bolt of thunder rushing on the foe,
      Smote fierce on trembling Vṛtra's back, and loosed the waters free to run, lauding his own imperial sway.


Masculine a-stem declension of सर्म
Nom. sg. सर्मः (sarmaḥ)
Gen. sg. सर्मस्य (sarmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्मः (sarmaḥ) सर्मौ (sarmau) सर्माः (sarmāḥ)
Vocative सर्म (sarma) सर्मौ (sarmau) सर्माः (sarmāḥ)
Accusative सर्मम् (sarmam) सर्मौ (sarmau) सर्मान् (sarmān)
Instrumental सर्मेण (sarmeṇa) सर्माभ्याम् (sarmābhyām) सर्मैः (sarmaiḥ)
Dative सर्माय (sarmāya) सर्माभ्याम् (sarmābhyām) सर्मेभ्यः (sarmebhyaḥ)
Ablative सर्मात् (sarmāt) सर्माभ्याम् (sarmābhyām) सर्मेभ्यः (sarmebhyaḥ)
Genitive सर्मस्य (sarmasya) सर्मयोः (sarmayoḥ) सर्माणाम् (sarmāṇām)
Locative सर्मे (sarme) सर्मयोः (sarmayoḥ) सर्मेषु (sarmeṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1183