होतृ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵʰáwtā (pourer), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéwtōr, from *ǵʰew- (to pour). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬊𐬙𐬀𐬭 (zaotar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

होतृ (hótṛm

  1. an offerer of an oblation or burnt-offering (with fire), sacrificer, priest, especially a priest who at a sacrifice invokes the gods or recites the Rigveda, a Rigveda priest; hotr
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.1.1
      ॐ अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवमृत्विजम् ।
      होतारं रत्नधातमम् ॥
      oṃ agnimīḷe purohitaṃ yajñasya devamṛtvijam .
      hotāraṃ ratnadhātamam .
      I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
      The hotar, lavishest of wealth.

Declension[edit]

Masculine ṛ-stem declension of होतृ
Nom. sg. होता (hotā)
Gen. sg. होतुः (hotuḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative होता (hotā) होतारौ (hotārau) होतारः (hotāraḥ)
Vocative होतर् (hotar) होतारौ (hotārau) होतारः (hotāraḥ)
Accusative होतारम् (hotāram) होतारौ (hotārau) होतॄन् (hotṝn)
Instrumental होत्रा (hotrā) होतृभ्याम् (hotṛbhyām) होतृभिः (hotṛbhiḥ)
Dative होत्रे (hotre) होतृभ्याम् (hotṛbhyām) होतृभ्यः (hotṛbhyaḥ)
Ablative होतुः (hotuḥ) होतृभ्याम् (hotṛbhyām) होतृभ्यः (hotṛbhyaḥ)
Genitive होतुः (hotuḥ) होत्रोः (hotroḥ) होतॄणाम् (hotṝṇām)
Locative होतरि (hotari) होत्रोः (hotroḥ) होतृषु (hotṛṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1306/1