होतृ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰáwtā (priest), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéw-tōr (pourer), from *ǵʰew- (to pour). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬊𐬙𐬀𐬭 (zaotar) and English god.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

होतृ (hótṛ) stemm

  1. an offerer of an oblation or yajna, sacrificer, priest, especially a priest who at a sacrifice invokes the gods or recites the Rigveda, a Rigveda priest; hotr
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.1.1:
      अ॒ग्निमी॑ळे पु॒रोहि॑तं य॒ज्ञस्य॑ दे॒वमृ॒त्विज॑म् ।
      होता॑रं रत्न॒धात॑मम् ॥
      agnímīḷe puróhitaṃ yajñásya devámṛtvíjam .
      hótāraṃ ratnadhā́tamam .
      I glorify Agni, the high priest of the sacrifice, the divine, the ministrant, who presents the oblation to the gods, and is the possessor of great wealth.

Declension[edit]

Masculine ṛ-stem declension of होतृ (hótṛ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative होता
hótā
होतारौ / होतारा¹
hótārau / hótārā¹
होतारः
hótāraḥ
Vocative होतः
hótaḥ
होतारौ / होतारा¹
hótārau / hótārā¹
होतारः
hótāraḥ
Accusative होतारम्
hótāram
होतारौ / होतारा¹
hótārau / hótārā¹
होतॄन्
hótṝn
Instrumental होत्रा
hótrā
होतृभ्याम्
hótṛbhyām
होतृभिः
hótṛbhiḥ
Dative होत्रे
hótre
होतृभ्याम्
hótṛbhyām
होतृभ्यः
hótṛbhyaḥ
Ablative होतुः
hótuḥ
होतृभ्याम्
hótṛbhyām
होतृभ्यः
hótṛbhyaḥ
Genitive होतुः
hótuḥ
होत्रोः
hótroḥ
होतॄणाम्
hótṝṇām
Locative होतरि
hótari
होत्रोः
hótroḥ
होतृषु
hótṛṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]