होतृ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵʰáwtā (pourer), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéwtōr, from *ǵʰew- (to pour). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬊𐬙𐬀𐬭 (zaotar).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɦɐ́w.t̪r̩/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɦoː.t̪r̩/
  • Noun[edit]

    होतृ (hótṛm

    1. an offerer of an oblation or yajna, sacrificer, priest, especially a priest who at a sacrifice invokes the gods or recites the Rigveda, a Rigveda priest; hotr
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.1.1
        ॐ अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवमृत्विजम् ।
        होतारं रत्नधातमम् ॥
        oṃ agnimīḷe purohitaṃ yajñasya devamṛtvijam .
        hotāraṃ ratnadhātamam .
        I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
        The hotar, lavishest of wealth.

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine ṛ-stem declension of होतृ (hótṛ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative होता
    hótā
    होतारौ / होतारा¹
    hótārau / hótārā¹
    होतारः
    hótāraḥ
    Vocative होतः
    hótaḥ
    होतारौ / होतारा¹
    hótārau / hótārā¹
    होतारः
    hótāraḥ
    Accusative होतारम्
    hótāram
    होतारौ / होतारा¹
    hótārau / hótārā¹
    होतॄन्
    hótṝn
    Instrumental होत्रा
    hótrā
    होतृभ्याम्
    hótṛbhyām
    होतृभिः
    hótṛbhiḥ
    Dative होत्रे
    hótre
    होतृभ्याम्
    hótṛbhyām
    होतृभ्यः
    hótṛbhyaḥ
    Ablative होतुः
    hótuḥ
    होतृभ्याम्
    hótṛbhyām
    होतृभ्यः
    hótṛbhyaḥ
    Genitive होतुः
    hótuḥ
    होत्रोः
    hótroḥ
    होतॄणाम्
    hótṝṇām
    Locative होतरि
    hótari
    होत्रोः
    hótroḥ
    होतृषु
    hótṛṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1306/1