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हेतु ‎(hetúm

  1. "impulse", motive, cause, cause of, reason for (+locative, rarely dative or genitive)
    हेतुना ‎(hetunā), हेतोः ‎(hetoḥ), हेतवे ‎(hetave), हेतौ ‎(hetau) — for a cause or reason, by reason of, on account of (+genitive or compound):
    मम हेतोः ‎(mama hetoḥ) or मद्-धेतोः ‎(mad-dhetoḥ) — on account of me
    कं हेतुम् ‎(kaṃ hetum) or को हेटुः ‎(ko heṭuḥ) — wherefore?, why?
    यतो हेतोः ‎(yato hetoḥ) — because
    अनेन हेतुना ‎(anena hetunā) or इति हेतोः ‎(iti hetoḥ) — for this reason
    मृत्यु-हेतवे ‎(mṛtyu-hetave) — in order to kill
    हेतुर् अलौकिकः ‎(hetur alaukikaḥ) — a supernatural cause
  2. (at the end of a compound) "having as a cause or motive" , "caused or effected or actuated or attracted or impelled by"
    कर्महेतु ‎(karma-hetu) — caused by the acts (of a former existence)
    मांसहेतु ‎(māṃsa-hetu) — attracted by (the smell of) flesh
    कर्मफलहेतु ‎(karma-phala-hetu) — impelled by (the expectation of) the consequences of any act
  3. a logical reason or deduction or argument, the reason for an inference (especially applied to the second member or अवयव ‎(avayava) of the five-membered syllogism; compare न्याय ‎(nyāya))
  4. logic (in general, compare हेतुविद्या ‎(hetuvidyā))
  5. (grammar) the agent of the causal verb
  6. (with Buddhists) primary cause (as opposed to प्रत्यय ‎(pratyaya))
  7. (with पशुपति ‎(paśu-pati)s) that which causes the bondage of the soul i.e. the external world and the senses
  8. the means
    हेतुभिः ‎(hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — by means of
  9. mode, manner
    हेतुभिः ‎(hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — according to
  10. price, cost
  11. condition
  12. (rhetoric) = काव्यलिङ्ग ‎(kāvya-liṅga)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1303