ხოლო

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Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare მხოლოდ (mxolod, only).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ხოლო (xolo)

  1. (literary) however, whereas (contrasts whatever follows with something mentioned earlier)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Preceded by a comma.

Laz[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɔlɔ/
  • Hyphenation: ხო‧ლო

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *ოხოლო (*oxolo), from Proto-Georgian-Zan *axl-a(d) (now, recently).

Adverb[edit]

ხოლო (xolo) (Latin spelling xolo)

  1. again
    ნანაქ მოთამუში ნოღაშა ოშქუმერტაშა მუ ეჭოფასენ ხოლო არ ჶარა გოშინამს
    nanak motamuşi noğaşa oşkumerťaşa mu eç̌opasen xolo ar fara goşinams
    My mother reminds her/him once again what to buy when she sends her grandson to the market.

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier *ოხოლო (*oxolo), from Proto-Georgian-Zan *axlo- (near).

Adjective[edit]

ხოლო (xolo) (Latin spelling xolo) (Arkabi)

  1. (rare) near, close
    Synonym: მეგზა (megza)
    თქვანი ოხორი დიდო მენდრა დოსქიდუნ. მექთები მციქა ჩქვა ხოლო რენ.
    tkvani oxori dido mendra doskidun. mektebi mʒika çkva xolo ren.
    Your house is far away. The school is a little closer.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kiria, Č̣abuḳi; Ezugbaia, Lali; Memišiši, Omar; Čuxua, Merab (2015) Lazur-megruli gramaṭiḳa [Laz–Mingrelian Grammar] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Gamomcemloba Meridiani, page 890
  • Kojima, Gôichi (2012–) “xolo”, in Temel Lazca-Türkçe Sözlük Taslağı[1] (in Turkish)
  • Tandilava, Ali (2013), “ხოლო”, in Merab Čuxua, Natela Kutelia, Lile Tandilava, Lali Ezugbaia, editors, Lazuri leksiḳoni [Laz Dictionary], online version prepared by Levan Vašaḳiʒe, Tbilisi