ἀλέξω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *aléksō (to protect), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂lek- (to defend), same source as Sanskrit रक्षति (rákṣati), Old Armenian loanword երաշխիք (erašxikʿ), and Old English ealgian (to protect, defend).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.lék.sɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈlɛk.so/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈlek.so/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈlek.so/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈlek.so/
  • Verb[edit]

    ἀλέξω (aléxō)

    1. to keep off, turn aside
    2. to guard, protect, defend, help
    3. (middle) to recompense, requite

    Inflection[edit]

    Many of the forms seem to be formed as if from *ἀλεξέω (*alexéō), e.g. ἀλεξήσω (alexḗsō), while other seem to be formed from ἀλέκω (alékō), e.g. ἤλεξα (ḗlexa).

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]