ἐΰς

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See also: -εύς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀄- (e-u-). Has been connected with Sanskrit सु- (su-) and Hittite [script needed] (āššu-), which would point to Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-; this may itself derive from *h₁es- (to be). A competing theory, however, connects the word with Sanskrit वसु (vásu-), Avestan 𐬬𐬊𐬵𐬎 (vohu-), Illyrian *Vescleves, Irish feb (eminence), which would derive from a Proto-Indo-European *wesu-. This theory would be supported by a reading δὲ ἐάων (dè eáōn) in book 24, line 528 of the Iliad, where the lack of elision would suggest an initial *w; however, this reading is late and therefore uncertain.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /e.ýs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛˈys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /eˈys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /eˈys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /eˈis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ἐῠ̈́ς (eǘs)

    1. (poetic) good, brave, noble
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.819
        Δαρδανίων αὖτ᾽ ἦρχεν ἐῢς πάϊς Ἀγχίσαο Αἰνείας
        Dardaníōn aût᾽ êrkhen eǜs páïs Ankhísao Aineías
        Aeneas, the brave son of Anchises, was again captain of the Dardanians.

    Inflection[edit]

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