ἐΰς

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See also: -εύς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀄- (e-u--). Has been connected with Sanskrit सु- (su-) and Hittite [script needed] (āššu-), which would point to Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-; this may itself derive from *h₁es- (to be). A competing theory, however, connects the word with Sanskrit वसु (vásu-), Avestan 𐬬𐬊𐬵𐬎 (vohu-), Illyrian *Vescleves, Irish feb (eminence), which would derive from a Proto-Indo-European *wesu-. This theory would be supported by a reading δὲ ἐάων (dè eáōn) in book 24, line 528 of the Iliad, where the lack of elision would suggest an initial *w; however, this reading is late and therefore uncertain.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ἐῠ̈́ς (eǘs)

  1. (poetic) good, brave, noble
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.819
      Δαρδανίων αὖτ᾽ ἦρχεν ἐῢς πάϊς Ἀγχίσαο Αἰνείας
      Dardaníōn aût᾽ êrkhen eǜs páïs Ankhísao Aineías
      Aeneas, the brave son of Anchises, was again captain of the Dardanians.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • εὖ (, well)

References[edit]