ἐπιχαιρεκακία

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπῐχαιρέκᾰκος (epikhairékakos) +‎ -ῐ́ᾱ (-íā), from κᾰκός (kakós, evil) + ἐπιχαίρω (epikhaírō, I rejoice), from ἐπι- (epi-) + χαίρω (khaírō).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἐπῐχαιρεκᾰκῐ́ᾱ (epikhairekakíāf (genitive ἐπῐχαιρεκᾰκῐ́ᾱς); first declension

  1. joy at the misfortune of another, spitefulness, schadenfreude, epicaricacy
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 2.1107a.9–10
      [] ἔνια γὰρ εὐθὺς ὠνόμασται συνειλημμένα μετὰ τῆς φαυλότητος, οἷον ἐπιχαιρεκακία ἀναισχυντία φθόνος, καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν πράξεων μοιχεία κλοπὴ ἀνδροφονία []
      [] énia gàr euthùs ōnómastai suneilēmména metà tês phaulótētos, hoîon epikhairekakía anaiskhuntía phthónos, kaì epì tôn práxeōn moikheía klopḕ androphonía []
      • 1911 translation by D. P. Chase
        [] for some have names that already imply badness, e.g. spite, shamelessness, envy, and in the case of actions adultery, theft, murder []
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 2.1108b.1
      νέμεσις δὲ μεσότης φθόνου καὶ ἐπιχαιρεκακίας, εἰσὶ δὲ περὶ λύπην καὶ ἡδονὴν τὰς ἐπὶ τοῖς συμβαίνουσι τοῖς πέλας γινομένας []
      némesis dè mesótēs phthónou kaì epikhairekakías, eisì dè perì lúpēn kaì hēdonḕn tàs epì toîs sumbaínousi toîs pélas ginoménas []
      • 1911 translation by D. P. Chase
        Righteous indignation is a mean between envy and spite, and these states are concerned with the pain and pleasure that are felt at the fortunes of our neighbours []

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