ἐπιχαιρεκακία

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπῐχαιρέκᾰκος (epikhairékakos) +‎ -ῐ́ᾱ (-íā), from κᾰκός (kakós, evil) + ἐπιχαίρω (epikhaírō, I rejoice), from ἐπι- (epi-) + χαίρω (khaírō).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /e.pi.kʰai̯.re.ka.kí.aː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛ.pi.kʰɛ.rɛ.kaˈki.a/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /e.pi.xɛ.re.kaˈki.a/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /e.pi.çe.re.kaˈci.a/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /e.pi.çe.re.kaˈci.a/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἐπῐχαιρεκᾰκῐ́ᾱ (epikhairekakíāf (genitive ἐπῐχαιρεκᾰκῐ́ᾱς); first declension

    1. joy at the misfortune of another, spitefulness, schadenfreude, epicaricacy
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 2.1107a.9–10
        [] ἔνια γὰρ εὐθὺς ὠνόμασται συνειλημμένα μετὰ τῆς φαυλότητος, οἷον ἐπιχαιρεκακία ἀναισχυντία φθόνος, καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν πράξεων μοιχεία κλοπὴ ἀνδροφονία []
        [] énia gàr euthùs ōnómastai suneilēmména metà tês phaulótētos, hoîon epikhairekakía anaiskhuntía phthónos, kaì epì tôn práxeōn moikheía klopḕ androphonía []
        • 1911 translation by D. P. Chase
          [] for some have names that already imply badness, e.g. spite, shamelessness, envy, and in the case of actions adultery, theft, murder []
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 2.1108b.1
        νέμεσις δὲ μεσότης φθόνου καὶ ἐπιχαιρεκακίας, εἰσὶ δὲ περὶ λύπην καὶ ἡδονὴν τὰς ἐπὶ τοῖς συμβαίνουσι τοῖς πέλας γινομένας []
        némesis dè mesótēs phthónou kaì epikhairekakías, eisì dè perì lúpēn kaì hēdonḕn tàs epì toîs sumbaínousi toîs pélas ginoménas []
        • 1911 translation by D. P. Chase
          Righteous indignation is a mean between envy and spite, and these states are concerned with the pain and pleasure that are felt at the fortunes of our neighbours []

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