ἔπος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier ϝέπος (wépos), from Proto-Hellenic *wékʷos, from Proto-Indo-European *wékʷos, from *wekʷ- (to speak). Cognates include Sanskrit वचस् (vácas) and Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬗𐬀𐬵 (vacah-).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἔπος (éposn (genitive ἔπεος or ἔπους); third declension

  1. something spoken: speech, story, song
    1. one's word, promise
    2. word as opposed to deed
    3. subject
    4. a line of poetry
    5. (when discussing etymology or usage) an individual word
  2. (in the plural) epic poetry
  3. (the phrase, ὡς ἔπος εἰπεῖν, qualifying a hyperbolic statement) so to speak, roughly speaking, almost
  4. (the phrase, κατ᾽ ἔπος) word by word

Inflection[edit]

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