ἔπος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier ϝέπος ‎(wépos), from Proto-Hellenic *wékʷos, from Proto-Indo-European *wékʷos, from *wekʷ- ‎(to speak). Cognates include Sanskrit वचस् ‎(vacas) and Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬗𐬀𐬵 ‎(vačah-).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἔπος ‎(éposn ‎(genitive ἔπεος, ἔπους); third declension epos may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek ἔπος.

  1. something spoken: speech, story, song
    1. one's word, promise
    2. word as opposed to deed
    3. subject
    4. a line of poetry
    5. (when discussing etymology or usage) an individual word
  2. (in the plural) epic poetry
  3. (the phrase, ὡς ἔπος εἰπεῖν, qualifying a hyperbolic statement) so to speak, roughly speaking, almost
  4. (the phrase, κατ᾽ ἔπος) word by word

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • → Russian: э́пос ‎(épos)
  • → Old Armenian: վէպ ‎(vēp) (possibly)

References[edit]

  • ἔπος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «ἔπος» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἔπος» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «ἔπος» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «ἔπος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.