ἔχις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally derived from a Proto-Indo-European *h₁égʰi- with cognates including Sanskrit अहि (áhi), Avestan 𐬀𐬲𐬌 (aži) and Old Armenian իժ (). However, the letter chi (χ) is expected to derive from a palatal consonant (ǵ) and so these terms are now generally connected with ὄφις (óphis), leaving the origins of ἔχις a mystery. Some now consider this a taboo corruption of Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰi-, *h₁égʷʰi-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /é.kʰis/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.kʰis/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈe.xis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈe.çis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈe.çis/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἔχις (ékhism, f (genitive ἔχῐος or ἔχεως); third declension

    1. snake, adder, viper

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Primarily masculine, sometimes feminine.

    Inflection[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]