adder

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English[edit]

The head of the common European adder (Vipera berus)
The sea stickleback or adder-fish (Spinachia spinachia)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English addere, rebracketing of naddere, from Old English nǣdre, nǣddre ‎(snake, serpent, viper, adder), from Proto-Germanic *nēdrǭ, *nadrǭ ‎(snake, viper) (compare West Frisian njirre, Dutch adder, German Natter, Otter), from pre-Germanic *néh₁treh₂, variant of Proto-Indo-European *n̥h₁trih₂ (compare Welsh neidr, Latin natrīx ‘watersnake’), from *sneh₁- ‎(to spin, twist) (compare Dutch naaien). More at needle.

Noun[edit]

adder ‎(plural adders)

  1. (obsolete) Any snake.
  2. A name loosely applied to various snakes more or less resembling the viper; a viper.
  3. (chiefly Britain) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of the genus Bitis.
  4. (US, Canada) Any of several small nonvenomous snakes resembling adders, such as the milk snake.
  5. A sea stickleback or adder fish (Spinachia spinachia).
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From add +‎ -er.

Noun[edit]

adder ‎(plural adders)

  1. Someone who or something which performs arithmetic addition; a machine for adding numbers.
  2. Something which adds or increases.
    They sought out cost adders with an eye toward eliminating them.
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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch adder, adre, misdivison of nadder, nadre, from Old Dutch *nadra, from Proto-Germanic *nadrǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adder m, f ‎(plural adders or adderen, diminutive addertje n)

  1. viper, adder

Derived terms[edit]

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Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

adder

  1. imperative of addere

Old Prussian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

adder

  1. or
    wāiklis adder mērgā - boy or girl
  2. but