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Vase showing hoplites bearing aspides.


From Ancient Greek ἀσπίς (aspís)


  • IPA(key): /ˈæspɪs/
  • (file)


aspis (plural aspides)

  1. A type of round shield borne by ancient Greek soldiers
    • 1963, William Kurtz Wimsatt, What to Say About a Poem and Other Essays[1], page 39:
      "shield both large and tough" has never said that aspides are small and weak []
  2. (archaic) An asp or generic venomous snake
    • 1588, Robert Greene, “The History of Dorastus and Fawnia”, in Pandosto: The Triumph of Time[2], published 1907:
      Flesh dipped in the sea Ægeum will never be sweet; the herb Trigion being once bit with an aspis never groweth, and conscience once stained with innocent blood is always tied to a guilty remorse.
  3. (palynology) A prominent ring of thickened exine around a pore on a pollen grain
    • 1974, Eugene Cecil Ogden, Manual for Sampling Airborne Pollen[3], →ISBN, page 128:
      As might be expected, characters of the aspides themselves are not of much value in pollen identification, but they are easily recognized and many three-pored, aspidate grains are broadly categorized as "betuloid" in studies of airborne pollen.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]




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Particularly: “Was the Middle Dutch word directly borrowed from Latin?”

From Middle Dutch aspis, (ultimately) from Latin aspis, from Ancient Greek ἀσπίς (aspís).


  • IPA(key): /ˈɑs.pɪs/
  • Hyphenation: as‧pis


aspis m (plural aspides or aspides)

  1. asp

Derived terms[edit]



aspis m

  1. plural of aspi



From Ancient Greek ἀσπίς (aspís, round shield or asp).



aspis f (genitive aspidis); third declension

  1. asp (venomous snake)
  2. viper


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aspis aspidēs
Genitive aspidis aspidum
Dative aspidī aspidibus
Accusative aspidem aspidēs
Ablative aspide aspidibus
Vocative aspis aspidēs


  • aspis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aspis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aspis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • aspis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aspis in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • aspis in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press