odze

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: odzē

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 odze on Latvian Wikipedia
Odze

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal form) odzs

Etymology[edit]

Originally the 5th-declension parallel (analogical) form of an earlier 6th-declension (feminine i-stem) form *odzis (cf. dialectal odzs), from Proto-Baltic *angis, from Proto-Indo-European *angʷʰi-, *h₂éngʷʰis(snake, worm). Cognates include Lithuanian angìs, Old Prussian angis(snake), Proto-Slavic *ǫžь(snake) (Russian уж(, grass snake), Belarusian, Ukrainian вуж(vuž), Czech užovka(adder), Polish wąż(snake)), Sanskrit अहिः(áhiḥ, snake), Old Armenian իժ(, viper), Ancient Greek ἔχις(ékhis), ὄφις(óphis, snake) (< *ogʷhis), Latin anguis(snake, dragon).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

odze f (5th declension)

  1. viper, adder (poisonous snake with triangular head, especially Vipera berus)
    odze ir vienīgā indīgā čūska Latvijā‎ ― the viper is the only poisonous snake in Latvia
    krāsa odzei ļoti variē: pelēcīgi brūna, sarkanīgi brūna, zaļganīgi brūna vai dzeltenīgi brūna‎ ― the color of the viper varies a lot: grayish brown, reddish brown, greenish brown or yellowish brown
  2. (figuratively) bad, evil person
    “ak tu, odze!” Kaspars dusmās grieza zobus‎ ― oh, you, viper! Kaspars gnashed his teeth in anger

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “odze”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7