ἰσχίον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἴσχω (ískhō, to hold), itself a reduplicated present of ἔχω (ékhō, to have). Originally the thigh socket, i.e. the "cup" (κοτύλη (kotúlē)) holding the hip-bone.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /is.kʰí.on/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /isˈkʰi.on/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /isˈxi.on/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /isˈçi.on/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /isˈçi.on/
  • Noun[edit]

    ῐ̓σχῐ́ον (iskhíonn (genitive ῐ̓σχῐ́ου); second declension (Epic, Ionic, Attic, Koine)

    1. hip-joint
      800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.5
      τῷ βάλεν Αἰνείαο κατ᾽ ἰσχίον, ἔνθα τε μηρὸς
      ἰσχίῳ ἐνστρέφεται, κοτύλην δέ τέ μιν καλέουσιν
      tôi bálen Aineíao kat᾽ iskhíon, éntha te mēròs
      iskhíōi enstréphetai, kotúlēn dé té min kaléousin
      • 1924 translation by Murray
        [he smote Aeneas] on the hip, where the thigh turns in the hip joint,—the cup, men call it
    2. area around the hip-joint; haunch

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]