ἰσχίον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἴσχω (ískhō, to hold), itself a reduplicated present of ἔχω (ékhō, to have). Originally the thigh socket, i.e. the "cup" (κοτύλη (kotúlē)) holding the hip-bone.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ῐ̓σχῐ́ον (iskhíonn (genitive ῐ̓σχῐ́ου); second declension (Epic, Ionic, Attic, Koine)

  1. (anatomy) hip-joint
    800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.5
    τῷ βάλεν Αἰνείαο κατ᾽ ἰσχίον, ἔνθα τε μηρὸς
    ἰσχίῳ ἐνστρέφεται, κοτύλην δέ τέ μιν καλέουσιν
    tôi bálen Aineíao kat᾽ iskhíon, éntha te mēròs
    iskhíōi enstréphetai, kotúlēn dé té min kaléousin
    • 1924 translation by Murray
      [he smote Aeneas] on the hip, where the thigh turns in the hip joint,—the cup, men call it
  2. area around the hip-joint; haunch

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]