𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎱𐎠𐎺𐎠

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Old Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Literally "protector of the realm, province", an agent noun based on 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-, realm, province) and 𐎱𐎠𐎮𐎹 (√pā, to protect). Akin to Parthian šhrb, 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓𐭐(ḥštrp), Middle Persian 𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭯(štrp). Compare the Iranian borrowings: Elamite [script needed] (šá-ak-šá-ba-ma), Sanskrit क्षत्रप (kṣatrapa), Lycian [script needed] (χssadrapa), Ancient Greek σατράπης (satrápēs), Old Armenian շահապ (šahap).

Noun[edit]

𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎱𐎠𐎺𐎠 (xšaçapāvām

  1. satrap (governor of a province under Achaemenid Persian rule)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Persian: šsp (šasab)

References[edit]

  • Schmitt, Rüdiger (2014), “xšaçapāvān-”, in Wörterbuch Der Altpersischen Königsinschriften [Dictionary of Old Persian Royal Inscriptions] (in German), Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 284–285
  • Schmitt, Rüdiger (2002), “Greece xii. Persian Loanwords and Names in Greek”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York, retrieved 2016-12-17
  • Mackenzie, D. N. (1998), “ENGLISH i. Persian Elements in English”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[2], New York, retrieved 2016-12-17
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “šasab”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 79