𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶

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Old Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *tšayati (he rules, he has power over), from Proto-Indo-European *tke- (to gain power over, gain control over); akin to Sanskrit क्षत्र (kṣatrá, might, power), Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬀𐬚𐬭𐬀 (xšaθra, kingdom), Khotanese kṣāra- (power, dominion), Old Armenian loanword աշխարհ (ašxarh) and Ancient Greek κτάομαι (ktáomai, to get, acquire).[1]

Noun[edit]

𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaçam) (accusative singular)

  1. realm, province
  2. kingship, sovereignty, kingdom

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kent, Roland G. (1950) Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society