աշխարհ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աշխարհ (ašxarh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աշխարհ (ašxarh)

  1. world, universe
    Աշխարհի ամենամեծ երկիրը Ռուսաստանն է։Ašxarhi amenamec erkirə Ṙusastann ē.The largest country in the world is Russia.
  2. (archaic) land, country, region, province
    Վասպուրական աշխարհVaspurakan ašxarhthe land of Vaspurakan
  3. (video games) level, stage
    Մարիոյի երրորդ աշխարհն եմ հասել։Marioyi errord ašxarhn em hasel.I'm at level 3 playing Mario.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The final (-h) is not pronounced.

References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 28

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With metathesis from Middle Median *axšahr, from Proto-Iranian *xšaθra- (power, authority, dominance). Compare Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-, kingdom, realm), Persian شهر (šahr), Parthian 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 (xšahr).

Noun[edit]

աշխարհ (ašxarh)

  1. land, country, region
    Հայաստան աշխարհHayastan ašxarhArmenia
  2. world, universe
    փոքր աշխարհpʿokʿr ašxarhmicrocosm
    հանդերձեալ աշխարհhanderjeal ašxarhthe other world, future life
    ընդ ամենայն աշխարհənd amenayn ašxarhthrough all the world
    աշխարհ ամենայնašxarh amenaynall the world or people, every body
    ըստ աշխարհ հանելəst ašxarh hanelto expatriate, to exile
    ելանել, փոխիլ յաշխարհէelanel, pʿoxil yašxarhēgo in the other world
    գալ յաշխարհgal yašxarhto be born, to come into the world
    յաչս աշխարհիyačʿs ašxarhiin the eyes of the world
    թողուլ զաշխարհtʿołul zašxarhto leave the world

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աշխարհ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աշխարհ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աշխարհ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Perixanjan, Anait (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 16