-τρον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *-tron, from Proto-Indo-European *-trom.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-τρον (-tronn (genitive -τρου); second declension

  1. Forms instrument nouns

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: -tron

Synonyms[edit]

-θρον (πτολίεθρον, city), -τλον (χύτλον, libation), -θλον (ἄεθλον, contest), -θρη, -θλη (γενέθλη, race).

For roots ending in σ, the suffix always has τρ. Older forms in which the root does not contain a liquid or end in σ tend to use the τλ/θλ forms, but there are many exceptions, such as σκῆπτρον, scepter, and κέντρον, center.

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 842.1