-τρα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-τρα (-tran

  1. nominative plural of -τρον (-tron)
  2. accusative plural of -τρον (-tron)
  3. vocative plural of -τρον (-tron)

Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Byzantine Greek -τρια (-tria), with loss of middle ι.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Suffix 1[edit]

-τρα (-traf

  1. added to a verb to create words denoting a female occupation:
    πλένω (pléno, to wash) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎πλύστρα (plýstra, laundress, washer woman)
    ράβω (rávo, to sew) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎ράφτρα (ráftra, seamstress)
    κλέβω (klévo, to steal) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎κλέφτρα (kléftra, female thief)
  2. added to a noun or verb to create words denoting a female who has that quality or does that action:
    πλανεύω (planévo, to lead astray, to seduce) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎πλανεύτρα (planéftra, seductress)
    φταίω (ftaío, to be at fault) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎φταίχτρα (ftaíchtra, woman to blame, woman at fault)
  3. added to a noun or verb to create words denoting an animal or an inanimate object or event that has that quality or does that action:
    τσούζω (tsoúzo, to sting) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎τσούχτρα (tsoúchtra, jellyfish)
    ρουφώ (roufó, to suck) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎ρουφήχτρα (roufíchtra, whirlpool)
    χέζω (chézo, to shit) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎χέστρα (chéstra, shitter, toilet)

Declension 1[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek -τρα (-tra).

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Suffix 2[edit]

-τρα (-tran pl

  1. added to a noun or verb to create words denoting a fee, a cost or a monetary reward:
    διδάσκω (didásko, to teach) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎δίδακτρα (dídaktra, tuition fees)
    εξέταση (exétasi, examination) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎εξέταστρα (exétastra, examination fees)
    ευρετής (evretís, finder) + ‎-τρα (-tra) → ‎εύρετρα (évretra, finder's fee)

Declension 2[edit]

Derived terms[edit]