-իկ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian -իկ ‎(-ik). Reinforced by Russian -ик ‎(-ik).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ (-ik)

  1. A suffix for building diminutives or terms expressing affection.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (diminutive): -ուկ ‎(-uk) (-uk), -ակ ‎(-ak) (-ak)

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -իկ ‎(-ik).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming diminutives

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -իկ ‎(-ik)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *-իկն ‎(*-ikn), from the stem element *-ī̆- + Proto-Indo-European *-kon- suffix. Compare the n-type declension of words with this suffix. Possibly contaminated with -իկ ‎(-ik) of Iranian origin (see Etymology 2). See also -ուկ ‎(-uk).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming diminutives
    շունšun ― dog
    շնիկšnik ― doggy
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: -իկ ‎(-ik)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Iranian *-īk (*-ya-ka).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming agent nouns and adjectives
    մարտmart ― fight
    մարտիկmartik ― fighter
    ոստանիկostanik ― a free inhabitant of ոստան ‎(ostan)
    մարզիկmarzik ― athlete
    տոհմիկtohmik ― noble
    սպասիկspasik ― servant
    այժմիկayžmik ― now, at present
    դրանիկdranik ― courtier
  2. forming names of nations
    հնդիկhndik ― Indian
    պարսիկparsik ― Persian
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • -իկ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi