-իկ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian -իկ ‎(-ik). Reinforced by Russian -ик ‎(-ik).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ (-ik)

  1. A suffix for building diminutives or terms expressing affection.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (diminutive): -ուկ ‎(-uk) (-uk), -ակ ‎(-ak) (-ak)

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -իկ ‎(-ik).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming diminutives

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -իկ ‎(-ik)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *-իկն ‎(*-ikn), from the stem element *-ī̆- + Proto-Indo-European *-kon- suffix. Compare the n-type declension of words with this suffix. Possibly contaminated with -իկ ‎(-ik) of Iranian origin (see Etymology 2). See also -ուկ ‎(-uk).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming diminutives
    շուն‎ ― šun ― dog
    շնիկ‎ ― šnik ― doggy
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: -իկ ‎(-ik)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Iranian *-īk (*-ya-ka).

Suffix[edit]

-իկ ‎(-ik)

  1. forming agent nouns and adjectives
    մարտ‎ ― mart ― fight
    մարտիկ‎ ― martik ― fighter
    ոստանիկ‎ ― ostanik ― a free inhabitant of ոստան ‎(ostan)
    մարզիկ‎ ― marzik ― athlete
    տոհմիկ‎ ― tohmik ― noble
    սպասիկ‎ ― spasik ― servant
    այժմիկ‎ ― ayžmik ― now, at present
    դրանիկ‎ ― dranik ― courtier
  2. forming names of nations
    հնդիկ‎ ― hndik ― Indian
    պարսիկ‎ ― parsik ― Persian
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-իկ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48