-ակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ակ (-ak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives
    գետակgetakrivulet
    տնակtnaklittle house
  2. forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action
    սուզակsuzakdiver
    սահնակsahnaksled, sleigh

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Iranian *-ak, *-āk. Compare Middle Persian -k' (-ag), Persian ـه (-e). The suffix in its agent-noun-forming function is found in the following wholly borrowed terms: դերձակ (derjak), վարձակ (varjak), պատմուճակ (patmučak), նուիրակ (nuirak) and perhaps աւազակ (awazak).

Suffix[edit]

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives from nominal stems
    աթոռatʿoṙchair
    աթոռակatʿoṙaksmall chair
    նաւnawship
    նաւակnawakboat
  2. forming agent nouns from verbal stems
    գտանեմgtanemto find, invent
    գտակgtakinventor
    լողամlołamto swim
    լողակlołakswimmer
  3. forming adjectives
    բոլորակbolorakcircular
  4. forming nouns from verbs
    էēis
    էակēakbeing
  5. forming nouns from adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
    քանիkʿanihow many?
    քանակkʿanakquantity

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ակ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48
  • Asatrjan, G. S. (2013), “Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]”, in Toxtasʹjev S. R., Lurʹje P. B., editors, Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica[1] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, ISBN 978-5-4469-0127-2, page 103