-իւն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Indo-European *-iōn- suffix. Compare Latin regiō, genitive regiōnis. Perhaps partly contaminated with Proto-Indo-European *-mno- adverbial formations, as shown by the parallels գոչիւն (gočʿiwn)/գոչումն (gočʿumn), լալիւն (laliwn)/լալումն (lalumn).

Suffix[edit]

-իւն (-iwn)

  1. forming nouns related to the notion of sound, noise, and often having onomatopoeic origin
    գոչիւնgočʿiwnclamour, cry
    թնդիւնtʿndiwnsound, noise
    շառաչիւնšaṙačʿiwnclang, clatter
  2. found in few other words (the etymology may be different)
    արիւնariwnblood
    անկիւնankiwnangle
    աւիւնawiwnfury
    աճիւնačiwnashes
    արդիւնardiwnproduction
    հերիւնheriwnbodkin; awl, pricker

Usage notes[edit]

Nouns formed with this suffix (in the first sense) are indeclinable.

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-իւն”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48