From Old French -oiier, -oier, from Vulgar Latin -idiāre, -izāre, which was formed after Ancient Greek -ίζειν (-ízein), whence also French -iser (re-borrowed from Latin), Catalan -ejar, Italian -eggiare, Occitan -ejar, Romanian -ez, Spanish and Portuguese -ear. Compare also Gothic -𐌹𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-itjan), -𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-atjan, “-ate, -ise”), Old High German -izzen, -azzen (“-ate, -ise”), Old English -ettan (“-ate, -ise”). See also English -ize and English -ise.
- A suffix used to form some verbs, often with factitive effect.
- ^ 2009, Jacqueline Picoche; Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert: