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See also: Alânia
- (historical) The medieval kingdom of Alans (proto-Ossetians) that flourished in Northern Caucasus, roughly in the location of latter-day Circassia and modern North Ossetia-Alania, from the 8th or 9th century until 1238-39. Its capital was Maghas, and it controlled a vital trade route through the Darial Pass.
- (colloquial) North Ossetia-Alania, federal subject of Russia.
medieval kingdom of Alans