Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵr̥h₂nóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ǵerh₂-

Possibly a substantivised form of *ǵr̥h₂-nós ‎(matured, grown old) (compare Sanskrit जीर्ण ‎(jīrṇa, old, worn out)), itself a verbal adjective derived from *ǵerh₂- ‎(to grow old, to mature).

Noun[edit]

*ǵr̥h₂nóm n ‎(non-ablauting)[1][2]

  1. grain

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *ǵr̥h₂nóm
genitive *ǵr̥h₂nósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵr̥h₂nóm *ǵr̥h₂nóy(h₁) *ǵr̥h₂néh₂
vocative *ǵr̥h₂nóm *ǵr̥h₂nóy(h₁) *ǵr̥h₂néh₂
accusative *ǵr̥h₂nóm *ǵr̥h₂nóy(h₁) *ǵr̥h₂néh₂
genitive *ǵr̥h₂nósyo *? *ǵr̥h₂nóoHom
ablative *ǵr̥h₂néad *? *ǵr̥h₂nómos
dative *ǵr̥h₂nóey *? *ǵr̥h₂nómos
locative *ǵr̥h₂néy, *ǵr̥h₂nóy *? *ǵr̥h₂nóysu
instrumental *ǵr̥h₂nóh₁ *? *ǵr̥h₂nṓys

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian:
    • Albanian: grurë (possibly; alternatively a loan from Latin)
  • Balto-Slavic: *źirˀna-
    • Lithuanian: žirnis
    • Slavic: *zьrno (see there for further descendants)
    • → Finnic: *herneh (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *grānom (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *kurną (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Italic:
    • Latin: grānum (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell